Black Spruce essential oil is sourced from Northeastern Canada, throughout numerous regions of Quebec. This oil is obtained from the needles and twigs of the Picea mariana tree through steam distillation. It is a colorless to pale yellow liquid with a typical coniferous scent, soft and slightly sweet.
Woody, resinous, slightly sweet
- Technical Sheet
Picea mariana, is an evergreen coniferous member of the Pinaceae family. It can reach heights between 8 to 20 meters. The bark is thin, scaly and grayish brown. The needles are long, stiff, four-sided, dark bluish green on the upper sides and paler glaucous green below. Black Spruce forms dense clusters, stopping sunlight from reaching the ground, therefore creating thick moss layers on the soil below.
Black Spruce was reportedly employed medicinally by many Native Peoples for numerous pathologies. As example, The Cree people used it as an antidiarrheal agent. The Montagnais prepared it as an infusion for the throat. This tree is largely used to produce paper pulp because its fibre is relatively soft. Black Spruce is traditionally used to prepare spruce beer beverages.
Applications include fine fragrance, cosmetics, flavour/food and aromatherapy
Botanical name: Picea mariana
Botanical family: Pinaceae
Accepted synonyms: Picea alba, Picea canadensis
Common names: Black Spruce, Canadian Black Pine
Origin: Northeastern Canada, Quebec
Cultivation Method: Wild and cultivated harvested
Crop Season: April to January
Plant part used: Needles and twigs
Method of extraction: Steam distillation
Main components: I-Bornyl Acetate, Camphene, α-Pinene, δ-3-Carene
INCI: Picea mariana needles oil
Appearance: Colorless to pale yellow liquid with a characteristic odor
Certifications and Declarations:
- Certificate of Analysis
- Food Grade
- Pure & Natural
- Origin Statement
- GMO Free
- No Animal Testing
- Prop 65
USDA, NRCS. 2019. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 29 January 2019). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.
NAET Database, 2003. Native American Ethnobotany Database, Michigan, MI, USA. (http://naeb.brit.org/).
Retrieved 10-02-2018 from the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), (http://www.itis.gov).
Native American ethnobotany, from Daniel Moerman (1998), (I.book 2014)
Retrieved from the integrated taxonomic Information system
La flore Laurentienne, Marie Victorin (2002)
Field guide to Eastern Forest North America, from John Kricher (2006)
Field guide to Eastern trees, from Georges A. Petrides (1998)