Canadian Naturals

Canadian NaturalsFir Balsam - Oil

Abies balsamea - Canada


Balsam Fir essential oil is sourced from the northeastern part of Canada. The tree’s range extends from Newfoundland and Labrador westward through the more northernly portions of Quebec and Ontario. This oil is obtained from the needles and twigs of the Abies balsamea tree through steam distillation. It is a pale yellow liquid with a typical coniferous, fresh and fruity
terpenic scent.

Olfactive Profile

Coniferous scent, sweet, and fruity.


Flavor Profile

Fresh and medicinal.

  • Details
  • Technical Sheet
  • Downloads
  • Sources



Abies balsamea, is a small to medium-sized evergreen coniferous member of the Pinaceae family. It can reach heights
between 15 to 23 meters topped with a dense crown. The twigs are smooth, the needles are arranged spirally around the sprout. Balsamea Fir is monoecious, both male and female cones occur on the top branches of the tree. It is popular as a Christmas tree for its intense and rich scent.


This tree is known as the Real Tree of Peace which was referenced in many historical stories from the early colonies.
Indigenous tribes made extensive use of the Balsam tree to treat a wide variety of ailments including heart disease, colds, kidney pain, rheumatic joints, and cough.


Applications include fine fragrance, cosmetics, flavour/food, and aromatherapy.

Technical Sheet

Botanical name: Abies balsamea
Botanical family: Pinaceae
Accepted synonyms: Canada Balsam, Annedda
Common names: Fir needle oil, Balsam Fir, Fir tree
Origin: Northeastern Canada, Quebec
Source: Canada

Cultivation method: Cultivated and Wild harvested
Harvest period: April to October
Plant part used: Needles and twigs
Method of extraction: Steam distillation
Main components: α-Pinene, δ-3-Carene, β-Pinene, Myrcene, I-Bornyl acetate

CAS: 8024-15-5 / 85085-34-3
INCI: Abies balsamea needle oil
FEMA: 2114
EC: 285-364-0
Appearance: Pale yellow liquid with a characteristic odor


Certifications and Declarations:

IFRA (International Fragrance Association)_FR   Halal certifcat Logo  REACH (Enregistrement, évaluation, et restriction des substances chimiques) de l’ECHA (Agence européenne des produits chimiques)

  • Certificate of Analysis
  • Safety Data Sheet
  • Food Grade Statement
  • Natural Statement
  • Origin Statement
  • GMO-Free
  • Allergen
  • Prop 65



BRIT – Native American Ethnobotany Database. (n.d.).

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. (2019).

Kricher, J. C., Morrison, G., National Audubon Society, National Wildlife Federation, & Tory, R. (1998). A
Field guide to Eastern forests : North America. Houghton Mifflin.

Marie-Victorin, Frère F.É.C, Luc Brouillet, Rouleau, E., Goulet, I., & Hay, S. (2002). Flore laurentienne. G.

Moerman, D. E. (1998). Native American ethnobotany. Timber Press.

Petrides, G. A., Wehr, J., National Audubon Society, National Wildlife Federation, & Tory, R. (1998). A field
guide to eastern trees : eastern United States and Canada, including the Midwest. Houghton Mifflin.

Welcome to the PLANTS Database | USDA PLANTS. (2016).